Improvement of Cerebral Microbleeds Detection Based on Discriminative Feature Learning

Jin Hong, Hong Cheng, Shui Hua Wang*, Jie Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The existence and distribution pattern of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are associated with some underlying aetiologies caused by intra-cerebral hemorrhage (ICH). CMBs as a kind of subclinical sign can be recognized via magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique in a few years before the onset of the disease. Hence, detecting CMBs accurately is important for treating and preventing related cerebral disease. In this study, we employed convolution neural network (CNN) for CMBs detection because of its powerful ability in image recognition. In view of too many efforts on optimizing the structure of CNN for achieving a better performance, we introduced center loss, which can greatly enhance the discriminative power of the deeply learned features, to CMBs detection for the first time. It is found that the performances of convolution neural network (CNN) trained under the joint supervision of softmax loss and center loss were significantly better than that under the supervision of softmax loss, even if there are few mislabelled samples in training data. With this trick, we achieved a high performance with a sensitivity of 98.869 ± 1.026%, a specificity of 96.491 ± 0.367%, and an accuracy of 97.681 ± 0.497%, which is better than four state-of-the-art methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-248
Number of pages18
JournalFundamenta Informaticae
Issue number2-4
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • center loss
  • cerebral microbleeds
  • convolution neural network
  • discriminative feature learning


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