Hydrogen/manganese hybrid redox flow battery

Javier Rubio-Garcia, Anthony Kucernak*, Dong Zhao, Danlei Li, Kieran Fahy, Vladimir Yufit, Nigel Brandon, Miguel Gomez-Gonzalez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Electrochemical energy storage is a key enabling technology for further integration of renewables sources. Redox flow batteries (RFBs) are promising candidates for such applications as a result of their durability, efficiency and fast response. However, deployment of existing RFBs is hindered by the relatively high cost of the (typically vanadium-based) electrolyte. Manganese is an earth-abundant and inexpensive element that is widely used in disposable alkaline batteries. However it has hitherto been little explored for RFBs due to the instability of Mn(III) leading to precipitation of MnO2 via a disproportionation reaction. Here we show that by combining the facile hydrogen negative electrode reaction with electrolytes that suppress Mn(III) disproportionation, it is possible to construct a hydrogen/manganese hybrid RFB with high round trip energy efficiency (82%), and high power and energy density (1410 mW cm−2, 33 Wh l−1), at an estimated 70% cost reduction compared to vanadium redox flow batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015006
JournalJPhys Energy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Fuel cell
  • Hydrogen
  • Manganese
  • Redox flow battery


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