TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrodynamic fluctuation-induced forces in confined fluids

AU - Monahan, Christopher

AU - Naji, Ali

AU - Horgan, Ronald

AU - Lu, Bing Sui

AU - Podgornik, Rudolf

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - We study thermal, fluctuation-induced hydrodynamic interaction forces in a classical, compressible, viscous fluid confined between two rigid, planar walls with no-slip boundary conditions. We calculate hydrodynamic fluctuations using the linearized, stochastic Navier-Stokes formalism of Landau and Lifshitz. The mean fluctuation-induced force acting on the fluid boundaries vanishes in this system, so we evaluate the two-point, time-dependent force correlations. The equal-time correlation function of the forces acting on a single wall gives the force variance, which we show to be finite and independent of the plate separation at large inter-plate distances. The equal-time, cross-plate force correlation, on the other hand, decays with the inverse inter-plate distance and is independent of the fluid viscosity at large distances; it turns out to be negative over the whole range of plate separations, indicating that the two bounding plates are subjected to counter-phase correlations. We show that the time-dependent force correlations exhibit damped temporal oscillations for small plate separations and a more irregular oscillatory behavior at large separations. The long-range hydrodynamic correlations reported here represent a "secondary Casimir effect", because the mean fluctuation-induced force, which represents the primary Casimir effect, is absent.

AB - We study thermal, fluctuation-induced hydrodynamic interaction forces in a classical, compressible, viscous fluid confined between two rigid, planar walls with no-slip boundary conditions. We calculate hydrodynamic fluctuations using the linearized, stochastic Navier-Stokes formalism of Landau and Lifshitz. The mean fluctuation-induced force acting on the fluid boundaries vanishes in this system, so we evaluate the two-point, time-dependent force correlations. The equal-time correlation function of the forces acting on a single wall gives the force variance, which we show to be finite and independent of the plate separation at large inter-plate distances. The equal-time, cross-plate force correlation, on the other hand, decays with the inverse inter-plate distance and is independent of the fluid viscosity at large distances; it turns out to be negative over the whole range of plate separations, indicating that the two bounding plates are subjected to counter-phase correlations. We show that the time-dependent force correlations exhibit damped temporal oscillations for small plate separations and a more irregular oscillatory behavior at large separations. The long-range hydrodynamic correlations reported here represent a "secondary Casimir effect", because the mean fluctuation-induced force, which represents the primary Casimir effect, is absent.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84952323889&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/c5sm02346g

DO - 10.1039/c5sm02346g

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84952323889

SN - 1744-683X

VL - 12

SP - 441

EP - 449

JO - Soft Matter

JF - Soft Matter

IS - 2

ER -