Human-computer Interaction (HCI): Approach to Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIEd) in Architectural Design

Lok Hang Cheung, Juan Carlos Dall'Asta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The field of artificial intelligence (AI) in architectural design (AIEd) has experienced significant growth, and there is great potential for the application of Generative AI (GAI) in architectural design education. However, addressing challenges associated with AI is important. These include overhyped speculation, hidden inherent drawbacks such as fairness and ethics, and a trend of lacking human interaction when AI is involved. To tackle these issues, this paper introduces a triangulated research framework encompassing three key perspectives: vision, technology, and user acceptance. This framework aligns with Human- computer Interaction (HCI) principles, AI technology development, and past experiences in AIEd. By adopting this multi-perspective analysis approach, the paper aims to comprehensively understand the phenomena surrounding AI in architectural design. Furthermore, the research presented in this paper goes beyond theoretical discussions and illustrates how the research findings are applied in practice. It showcases the design of an ongoing architectural design course that incorporates the insights gained from the research. Three key observations from the ongoing designed modules indicate the need to shift the focus towards integrating multi-modal AIs and existing parametric tools. Secondly, it is essential to emphasise AIs as design partners rather than making assumptions about AIs’ specific uses at different stages. Lastly, providing user-friendly tools and theoretical foundations motivates students to explore beyond the design process, expanding their research and design boundaries.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Pages (from-to)109-131
Number of pages22
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


  • Human-computer interaction (HCI)
  • AI in education (AIEd)
  • architectural design process
  • architecture education


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