High-performance solution-processed Ti3C2TxMXene doped ZnSnO thin-film transistors via the formation of a two-dimensional electron gas

Tianshi Zhao, Chenguang Liu, Chun Zhao*, Wangying Xu, Yina Liu, Ivona Z. Mitrovic, Eng Gee Lim, Li Yang, Ce Zhou Zhao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


MXenes are a large class of two-dimensional (2D) materials widely studied recently since they have good water solubility and are able to tune the work function (WF) of materials without changing their electronic characteristics. Based on this, aqueous solution-processed indium-free zinc tin oxide (ZTO) thin-film transistors (TFTs) have been fabricated under an annealing temperature of 300 °C and successfully optimized. This optimization is achieved by fabricating a channel layer into a homojunction structure (MXene doped ZTO/ZTO) to form a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG). Through doping the specific concentrations of Ti3C2Tx MXenes into the upper layer ZTO thin films, the TFTs exhibit enhanced field-effect mobilities (μFE) of 10.77 cm2 V-1 s-1 and 13.06 cm2 V-1 s-1 as well as a large on/off current ratio of more than 108. Moreover, compared with the undoped double-layer ZTO TFTs, the homojunction devices show better stability, mainly resulting from the transformation in leading conduction mode. Finally, through applying the homojunction channel on the solution-processed aluminum oxide (AlOx) dielectric layer, the μFE exhibits a further enhanced value of 28.35 cm2 V-1 s-1. This is the first report to apply MXenes to the channel layer of TFTs and to fabricate solution-processed ZTO thin films via an aqueous solvent under 300 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17390-17399
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2021

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