Green building practices to integrate renewable energy in the construction sector: a review

Lin Chen, Ying Hu, Ruiyi Wang, Xiang Li, Zhonghao Chen, Jianmin Hua*, Ahmed I. Osman*, Mohamed Farghali, Lepeng Huang, Jingjing Li, Liang Dong, David W. Rooney, Pow Seng Yap*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The building sector is significantly contributing to climate change, pollution, and energy crises, thus requiring a rapid shift to more sustainable construction practices. Here, we review the emerging practices of integrating renewable energies in the construction sector, with a focus on energy types, policies, innovations, and perspectives. The energy sources include solar, wind, geothermal, and biomass fuels. Case studies in Seattle, USA, and Manama, Bahrain, are presented. Perspectives comprise self-sufficiency, microgrids, carbon neutrality, intelligent buildings, cost reduction, energy storage, policy support, and market recognition. Incorporating wind energy into buildings can fulfill about 15% of a building's energy requirements, while solar energy integration can elevate the renewable contribution to 83%. Financial incentives, such as a 30% subsidy for the adoption of renewable technologies, augment the appeal of these innovations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-784
Number of pages34
JournalEnvironmental Chemistry Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Carbon neutral construction
  • Energy self-sufficiency
  • Energy transition
  • Green building
  • Policy and regulatory framework
  • Renewable energy


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