Forecasting Daily Travel Mode Choice of Kuantan Travellers by Means of Machine Learning Models

Nur Fahriza Mohd Ali*, Ahmad Farhan Mohd Sadullah, Anwar P.P.Abdul Majeed, Mohd Azraai Mohd Razman, Chun Sern Choong, Rabiu Muazu Musa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book or Report/Conference proceedingConference Proceedingpeer-review


In transportation studies, forecasting users’ mode choice in daily commute is crucial in order to manage traffic problems due to high number of private vehicles on the road. Conventional statistical techniques have been widely used in order to study users’ mode choice; however, the choice of the most appropriate forecasting method still remains a significant concern. In this paper, we investigate the application of a number of machine learning models, namely Random Forest (RF), Tree, Naïve Bayes (NB), Logistic Regression (LR), k-Nearest Neighbour (k-NN), Support Vector Machine (SVM), as well as Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) in predicting the daily travel mode choice in Kuantan. The data was collected from a survey of Revealed/Stated Preferences (RPSP) Survey among Kuantan travellers in which eight features were taken into consideration in the present study. The classifiers were trained on the collected dataset by using five-folds cross-validation method to predict the daily mode choice. It was shown from this preliminary study that the RF, as well as ANN classifiers, could provide satisfactory classification accuracies to up to 70% in comparison to the other models evaluated. Therefore, it could be concluded that the evaluated features are rather important in deciding the travel model choice of Kuantan travellers.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Trends in Mechatronics Towards Industry 4.0 - Selected Articles from iM3F 2020
EditorsAhmad Fakhri Ab. Nasir, Ahmad Najmuddin Ibrahim, Ismayuzri Ishak, Nafrizuan Mat Yahya, Muhammad Aizzat Zakaria, Anwar P. P. Abdul Majeed
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9789813345966
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes
EventInnovative Manufacturing, Mechatronics and Materials Forum, iM3F 2020 - Gambang, Malaysia
Duration: 6 Aug 20206 Aug 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Electrical Engineering
ISSN (Print)1876-1100
ISSN (Electronic)1876-1119


ConferenceInnovative Manufacturing, Mechatronics and Materials Forum, iM3F 2020


  • Machine learning
  • Mode choice
  • Private vehicles
  • Public transport


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