Factors associated with condom use among brothel-based female sex workers in Thailand

Robert W. Buckingham*, J. Moraros, Y. Bird, E. Meister, N. C. Webb

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


This study sought to determine the actual levels of condom use by female sex workers (FSW) in Thailand brothels. Specifically, it examined the influence that the country of origin of the FSW patrons exerted on usage of a condom, and it assessed the relevancy of constructs from the Health Belief Model in predicting FSW requesting condom usage by their clients. A survey was administered to a cross-sectional non-randomized convenience sample of 150 FSW in four geographic locations in Thailand, which included: Bangkok, Chang Mai, Mae Hong Son and Other (comprised mainly of brothels in small villages). Statistical interpretation of the data indicated that Thai FSW requested condom use in 63% of the cases, while the overall mean of condom use was only 51%. Condom use by patrons' country of origin was as follows: westerners 76%, foreign Asians 52% and native Thai men 27%. These results fall considerably short of the Ministry of Health's goal of 100% condom use in Thai brothels. Furthermore, public health education initiatives need to effectively target the native Thai FSW patrons since they represent the clients least likely to use a condom (27%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-647
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Prevention
  • Sex workers
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Thailand


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