Facile synthesis of porous Bi2O3-BiVO4p-n heterojunction composite microrods with highly efficient photocatalytic degradation of phenol

Mengmeng Mao, Fang Chen, Changcheng Zheng, Jiqiang Ning, Yijun Zhong, Yong Hu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present work, high-quality porous Bi2O3-BiVO4composite microrods (CMRs) with a uniform size distribution have been successfully prepared through a facile solvothermal method followed by an annealing treatment, in which Bi(OH)C2O4-BiVO4precursors were first synthesized using Na2C2O4and NaVO3as starting materials and then thermally decomposed to produce porous Bi2O3-BiVO4p-n heterojunction CMRs. The as-prepared Bi2O3-BiVO4product was characterized by UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and valence-band X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Significantly enhanced photocatalytic activity in degrading colorless organic phenol under visible-light illumination (λ > 420 nm) was observed with the porous CMRs, more than 48 times higher than that of the mixture of BiVO4and Bi2O3, and 192 and 160 times higher than pure BiVO4and Bi2O3, respectively. A direct Z-scheme mechanism was employed to describe the transfer of photogenerated electrons and holes in the Bi2O3-BiVO4CMR system, and the dramatically enhancement of the observed photoactivity may be attributed to the high separation efficiency of electron-hole pairs, resulting from the p-n heterojunction formed in the porous structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1080-1087
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume688
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • BiO-BiVO
  • Composite microrods
  • Porous structure
  • Solvothermal method
  • Z-scheme mechanism
  • p-n heterojunction

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