Evidence-Based Green Human Resource Management: A Systematic Literature Review

Huirong Xie*, Teck Chai Lau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


To better understand the empirical development of green human resource management (GHRM) research and theories and to provide evidence-based suggestions, the article conducts a systematic review of evidence-based studies within the academic field of GHRM. The review follows the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Protocol 2020 to select GHRM-focused and highly qualified articles, published in the final stage by the end of December 2022 and written in English from the Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection databases. Independent assessments of studies were performed by two researchers in the selection and analysis process, and bibliometric and statistical analyses were applied to synthesize the results from 141 articles. The results reveal the increasing interest, diversification, and tendencies of GHRM research and highlight the disequilibrium of research context and methodology, the classification and evolution of research emphasis, the mechanism for theories, the constructs, the measurements, and the framework of the literature. Based on the results, evidence-based recommendations were provided for both practitioners and researchers regarding the context and trend, access and approach, and mechanism and innovation for GHRM development. This review possesses significance as providing the original findings of detailed empirical GHRM research context, the relationships between GHRM practices dimensions and measurements, and the interrelation of theory application and framework design. Despite the discoveries having the potential to offer scholars and practitioners GHRM suggestions with a reliable basis, the authors recognize the scope of the current review is limited and call for verification of current findings with a wider range of studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10941
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • PRISMA 2020
  • empirical research review
  • green human resource management
  • systematic literature review


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