Effects of online presence on learning performance in a blog-based online course

Jie Chi Yang*, Benazir Quadir, Nian Shing Chen, Qiang Miao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated how learners' perceived online presence contributed to their learning performance while participating in a blog-based university course. Although the literature evidently highlights that there is a necessity for online presence in online courses, concrete design approaches and empirical evaluation of the impact of online presence on learning performance in blog-based courses are lacking. An empirical study was therefore conducted to understand the relationship between individuals' perceptions of online presence, in terms of teaching, social and cognitive presences, and their learning performance, in terms of subjective and objective learning outcomes. Research questions were tested and data were analyzed using regression analysis. The results indicate that online presence has a significant influence on learning performance. A subsequent analysis found that cognitive presence played the most important role in blog-based online learning performance. This study also identified a significant relationship in learning performance between students' subjective and objective learning outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-20
Number of pages10
JournalInternet and Higher Education
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Blog-based course
  • Cognitive presence
  • Learning performance
  • Online presence
  • Social presence
  • Teaching presence


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