Distribution of functional microorganisms and its significance for iron, sulphur, and nitrogen cycles in reservoir sediments

Shuang Bai, Meilin Yang, Zheng Chen, Ming Yang, Jing Ma, Xue Ping Chen*, Fushun Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The biogeochemical cycles of sulphur (S), iron (Fe) and nitrogen (N) elements play a key role in the reservoir ecosystem. However, the spatial positioning and interrelationship of S, Fe and N cycles in the reservoir sediment profile have not been explored to a greater extent. Here, we measure the gradients of Fe2+, SO42−, NO3, NH4+, DOC, TC and TN in the pore water of the sediment, and combining the vertical distribution of the functional microorganisms involved in S, Fe and N cyclings in the sediments to determine the redox stratification in the sediment. It is found that the geochemical gradient of S, Fe and N of the reservoir sedimentary column is mainly defined by the redox process involved in the related functional microorganisms. According to the type of electron acceptor, the sediment profile is divided into 3 redox intervals, namely aerobic respiration (0–10 cm), denitrification/iron reduction (10–28 cm) and sulfate reduction (28–32 cm). In the aerobic respiration zone, NH4+ is oxidized by aerobic AOB to NO3 (0–5 cm), and Fe2+ is oxidized by microaerobic FeRB to Fe3+ (3–10 cm). In the denitrification/iron reduction zone, Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas, as the dominant NRB genera, may use nitrate as an electron acceptor to oxidize Fe2+ (11–16 cm). The dominant genera in SOB, such as Sulfururvum, Thiobacillus and Thioalkalispira, may use nitrate as an electron acceptor to oxidize sulfide, leading to SO42− accumulation (14–24 cm). In the sulfate reduction zone, SO42− is reduced by SRB. This study found that functional microorganisms forming comprehensive local ecological structures to adapt to changing geochemical conditions, and which would be potentially important for the degradation and preservation of C and the fate of many nutrients and contaminants in reservoirs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-972
Number of pages12
JournalActa Geochimica
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Denitrification
  • Geochemical cycle
  • Microbial community
  • Redox
  • Reservoir sediment

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