Direct and moderating effects of social affordances on school involvement and delinquency among young adolescents

Jeong Jin Yu*, Wendy C. Gamble

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using social control theory and attachment theory as guides, this study examined how qualities of young adolescents' social relationships (i.e., mother, sibling, and friend) and dynamic interactions among characteristics of those relationships are associated with school involvement and delinquency. The participants included older siblings (M age=14.3), younger siblings (M age=11.6), and their mothers from 434 families who completed web-based surveys. Results were largely consistent with tenets of social control theory and attachment theory. Young adolescents' social relationships mostly worked in additive ways, but sometimes in compensatory ways for older siblings, to promote positive adjustment. The results suggest that young adolescents' social relationships may be differently associated with adjustment depending on birth order or developmental stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-824
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes

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