Democratization, parliamentary power, and belligerency: A quantitative analysis

Afa'Anwi Ma Abo Che*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Research linking democratization, institutional strength, and war prescribes the construction of strong central government institutions prior to mass elections as a prime mechanism for mitigating the danger of international belligerency associated with democratization. However, institutional analysis of the democratization-war linkage skews institutional strength measures in favour of the executive, overlooking the other arms of government. Drawing on Côte d'Ivoire's 2010-2011 internationalized post-election civil conflict, which was largely engendered by excessive executive powers and limited legislative leverage, this paper quantitatively evaluates the effect state legislatures bear on the democratization-war linkage. The evaluations yield at least some evidence for the postulated influence of state legislatures. Thus, whilst heeding extant scholarly recommendations for strengthening state institutions, foreign policies promoting liberal democracy should ensure the ultimate institutional configuration of power in aspirant democracies favours parliaments over executives for more auspicious outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPeace and Conflict Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Conflict
  • Côte D'ivoire
  • Democratization
  • Institutional Strength
  • Parliament


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