Defect engineering of TiNb2O7 compound for enhanced Li-ion battery anode performances

Heechae Choi, Taeyoung Kim, Hyunjung Park*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Low-crystalline TiNb2O7 shows a high practical capacity of ∼280 mAh g−1 by size and morphology controls, composites, doping foreign atoms. However, the defect chemistry of TiNb2O7 has rarely been investigated. We report an effect of point/line defects on a crystal structure and lithium storage properties of TiNb2O7−x engineered by different calcination temperatures and vacuum conditions. X-ray diffraction studies reveal an evolution of oxygen vacancies aligned to (h¯0l) and (0k0) planes can cause an increase in lattice constants and a cell volume expansion to ∼3%. Transmission electron microscopy observation shows calcination at 800℃ in vacuum results in not only a size reduction of particles but also a development of edge/screw dislocations generated on (3¯03) plane as a slip system, which can drive microstrain correlated to the lattice parameter change. TiNb2O7−x shows remarkable lithium storage properties including charge (lithiation)/discharge (delithiation) capacities of 324/284 mAh g− 1 and capacity retentions of 100% at a 2C rate over 500 cycles and at a 5C rate over 1500 cycles, respectively. The achievement is attributed to a synergetic effect of short Li+ ion path by a size reduction and reduce Li+ ion migration by an expansion of the lattice constants and the cell volume.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139603
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Anode
  • Defect
  • Electrochemistry
  • Lithium ion batteries
  • Transition metal oxide


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