Data-Driven Multi-Energy Investment and Management under Earthquakes

Pengfei Zhao, Chenghong Gu, Zhidong Cao*, Yichen Shen, Fei Teng, Xinlei Chen, Chenye Wu, Da Huo, Xu Xu, Shuangqi Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Seismic events can severely damage both electricity and natural gas systems, causing devastating consequences. Ensuring the secure and reliable operation of the integrated energy system (IES) is of high importance to avoid potential damage to the infrastructure and reduce economic losses. This article proposes a new optimal two-stage optimization to enhance the reliability of IES planning and operation against seismic attacks. In the first stage, hardening investment on the IES is conducted, featuring preventive measures for seismic attacks. The second stage minimizes the expected operation cost of emergency response. The random seismic attack is modeled as uncertainty, which is realized after the first stage. An explicit damage assessment model is developed to define the budget set of the uncertain seismic activity. Based on the survivability of transmission lines and gas pipelines of IES, an optimal system investment plan is developed. The problem is formulated as a two-stage distributionally robust optimization (DRO) model, which is tested on an integrated IEEE 30-bus system and 20-node gas network. Case studies demonstrate that the two-stage DRO outperforms robust optimization and a single-stage optimization model in terms of minimizing the investment cost and expected economic loss. This article can help system operators to make economical hardening and operation strategies to improve the reliability of IES under seismic attacks, thus managing a more robust and secure energy system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9286732
Pages (from-to)6939-6950
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Distributionally robust optimization (DRO)
  • emergency response
  • integrated electricity and gas system
  • reliability


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