TY - JOUR

T1 - Curve optimization of tapered cantilever beams under tip loads

AU - Zhu, Minyi

AU - Gong, Guobin

AU - Xia, Jun

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Global Science Press.

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - The study adopts the variational method for analyzing the cantilever tapered beams under a tip load as well as a definite end displacement, and further determining the optimized shapes and materials that can minimize the weights. Two types of beams are taken into account, i.e., the Euler-Bernoulli beam without considering shear deformation and the Timoshenko beam with shear deformation. By using the energy theorem and the reference of isoperimetric problem, the width variation curves and the corresponding minimum masses are derived for both beam types. The optimized curve of beam width for the Euler-Bernoulli beam is found to be a linear function, but nonlinear for the Timoshenko beam. It is also found that the optimized curve in the Timoshenko beam case starts from non-zero at the tip end, but its tendency gradually approaches the one of the Euler-Bernoulli beam. The results indicate that with the increase of the Poisson's ratio, the required minimum mass of the beam will increase no matter how the material changes, suggesting that the optimized mass for the case of Euler-Bernoulli beam is the lower boundary limit which the Timoshenko case cannot go beyond. Furthermore, the ratio r/E (density against Elastic Modulus) of the material should be as small as possible, while the ratio h2/L4 of the beam should be as large as possible in order to minimize the mass for the case of Euler-Bernoulli beam, of which the conclusion is extended to be applicable for the case of Timoshenko beam. In addition, the optimized curves for Euler-Bernoulli beam types are all found to be power functions of length for both tip point load cases and uniform load cases.

AB - The study adopts the variational method for analyzing the cantilever tapered beams under a tip load as well as a definite end displacement, and further determining the optimized shapes and materials that can minimize the weights. Two types of beams are taken into account, i.e., the Euler-Bernoulli beam without considering shear deformation and the Timoshenko beam with shear deformation. By using the energy theorem and the reference of isoperimetric problem, the width variation curves and the corresponding minimum masses are derived for both beam types. The optimized curve of beam width for the Euler-Bernoulli beam is found to be a linear function, but nonlinear for the Timoshenko beam. It is also found that the optimized curve in the Timoshenko beam case starts from non-zero at the tip end, but its tendency gradually approaches the one of the Euler-Bernoulli beam. The results indicate that with the increase of the Poisson's ratio, the required minimum mass of the beam will increase no matter how the material changes, suggesting that the optimized mass for the case of Euler-Bernoulli beam is the lower boundary limit which the Timoshenko case cannot go beyond. Furthermore, the ratio r/E (density against Elastic Modulus) of the material should be as small as possible, while the ratio h2/L4 of the beam should be as large as possible in order to minimize the mass for the case of Euler-Bernoulli beam, of which the conclusion is extended to be applicable for the case of Timoshenko beam. In addition, the optimized curves for Euler-Bernoulli beam types are all found to be power functions of length for both tip point load cases and uniform load cases.

KW - Curve optimization

KW - Euler-Bernoulli beam

KW - Isoperimetric problem

KW - Tapered beam

KW - Timoshenko beam

KW - Variational principle

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85114671216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4208/AAMM.OA-2020-0196

DO - 10.4208/AAMM.OA-2020-0196

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85114671216

SN - 2070-0733

VL - 13

SP - 1485

EP - 1500

JO - Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics

JF - Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics

IS - 6

ER -