Cultural sensitivity and global pharmacy engagement in asia: China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan

Marina Kawaguchi-Suzuki*, Miranda G. Law, Jennifer Prisco, Kathleen Head, Lei Fu, Tetsuro Yumoto, Junzo Kamei, Mihi Yang, Kuei Ju Cheng, Michael D. Hogue

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Interest in global engagement among schools and colleges of pharmacy in the United States and Asian countries is growing. To develop fruitful relationships and engage in mutually enriching experiences, the cultural aspects of these countries need to be understood and respected. The aim of this paper is to facilitate culturally sensitive interactions between practitioners, faculty members, and students in the United States and those in Asian countries when they engage in health care practice and/or education. This paper introduces general information about China (including Macau and Hong Kong), Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. Unique characteristics of the health care system and pharmacy education are described for each country. Stereotypes and misconceptions are discussed. Recommendations are included for initiating interactions and developing learning programs and scholarly collaborations while promoting culturally sensitive engagement. These recommendations are provided for US scholars, health care professionals, and students traveling to these countries as well as for those hosting visitors from these countries in the United States.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7214
Pages (from-to)637-650
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Asia
  • Culture
  • Experience
  • Global
  • Pharmacy

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