Credible Dual-Expert Learning for Weakly Supervised Semantic Segmentation

Bingfeng Zhang, Jimin Xiao*, Yunchao Wei, Yao Zhao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Great progress has been witnessed for weakly supervised semantic segmentation, which aims to segment objects without dense pixel annotations. Most approaches concentrate on generating high quality pseudo labels, which are then fed into a standard segmentation model as supervision. However, such a solution has one major limitation: noise of pseudo labels is inevitable, which is unsolvable for the standard segmentation model. In this paper, we propose a credible dual-expert learning (CDL) framework to mitigate the noise of pseudo labels. Specifically, we first observe that the model predictions with different optimization loss functions will have different credible regions; thus, it is possible to make self-corrections with multiple predictions. Based on this observation, we design a dual-expert structure to mine credible predictions, which are then processed by our noise correction module to update pseudo labels in an online way. Meanwhile, to handle the case that the dual-expert produces incredible predictions for the same region, we design a relationship transfer module to provide feature relationships, enabling our noise correction module to transfer predictions from the credible regions to such incredible regions. Considering the above designs, we propose a base CDL network and an extended CDL network to satisfy different requirements. Extensive experiments show that directly replacing our model with a conventional fully supervised segmentation model, the performances of various weakly supervised semantic segmentation pipelines were boosted, achieving new state-of-the-art performances on both PASCAL VOC 2012 and MS COCO with a clear margin. Code will be available at:

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1892-1908
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Vision
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Credible dual-expert
  • Pseudo label
  • Semantic segmentation
  • Weakly supervised


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