Contributions of ruminants and their excreta to N2O and CH4 emissions

Qiao yan Lin, Burenbayin, Shi ping Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


To clarify the contributions of ruminants and their excreta to greenhouse gases emission and the main affecting factors is of social, economic, and ecological significances for understanding the global climate change and searching for related mitigation options. Based on the related researches, it was considered that to improve the dietary quality and nutritional balance of rumi-nants (e.g., to add additives medium-chain fatty acid and others into diets and to increase the proportions of leguminous grasses in grassland) could be the effective measures in enhancing ruminant productivity while decreasing CH4 emission. The contributions of ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate produced by the ruminants and their excreta should be also paid attention to. As the de-crease of a kind of greenhouse gas emission could result in the increase of another kind of green-house gas emission during the storage and utilization of ruminants-excreta, the total emission of the greenhouse gases should be regulated by integrative measures, according to the warming potential of the gases calculated as CO2-C. Therefore, how to improve the feeding and nutrition of ruminants through adjusting grazing management regime and plant community structure in grass-land would be the scientific issue to be solved in the future to realize the balance between the ecological conservation of grassland and the reduction of greenhouse gase emissions per unit ruminant production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2604-2612
Number of pages9
JournalChinese Journal of Ecology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Emission
  • Excreta
  • Mitigation option
  • Ruminant


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