Computer-aided diagnosis of abnormal breasts in mammogram images by weighted-type fractional Fourier transform

Yu Dong Zhang*, Shui Hua Wang, Ge Liu, Jiquan Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abnormal breast can be diagnosed using the digital mammography. Traditional manual interpretation method cannot yield high accuracy. In this study, we proposed a novel computer-aided diagnosis system for detecting abnormal breasts. Our dataset contains 200 mammogram images with size of 1024 × 1024. First, we segmented the region of interest from mammogram images. Second, the fractional Fourier transform was employed to obtain the unified time-frequency spectrum. Third, spectrum coefficients were reduced by principal component analysis. Finally, both support vector machine and k-nearest neighbors were used and compared. The proposed "weighted-type fractional Fourier transform+principal component analysis+support vector machine" achieved sensitivity of 92.22% ± 4.16%, specificity of 92.10% ± 2.75%, and accuracy of 92.16% ± 3.60%. It is better than both the proposed "weighted-type fractional Fourier transform+principal component analysis+k-nearest neighbors" and other five state-of-the-art approaches in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. The proposed computer-aided diagnosis system is effective in detecting abnormal breasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalAdvances in Mechanical Engineering
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fractional Fourier transform
  • abnormal breast
  • computer-aided diagnosis
  • k-nearest neighbors
  • mammogram
  • support vector machine

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