Classification of nutrient deficiency in rice based on CNN model with Reinforcement Learning augmentation

Cehong Wang, Yu Ye, Yuhao Tian, Zhijun Yu

Research output: Chapter in Book or Report/Conference proceedingConference Proceedingpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rice is an important crop for agricultural production. Because of the vulnerability of rice, it is likely to be affected by many external conditions. Particularly, rice may lack of various kinds of nutrition elements such as potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus. For people who are not experienced in botany, it is hard for them to identify nutrition deficiency and add corresponding supplement. Symptoms of nutrient deficiencies in rice plants often are usually represented by phenotype of the leaves. Therefore, the phenotype of leaves can be examined to identify nutrition deficiency. Our goal is to utilize deep learning, specifically, convolutional neural network (CNN), and combine reinforcement learning to help people to address this problem. Experiments were conducted with a dataset containing 1, 500 images of rice leaves subject to three different types of nutrition deficiency - nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) deficiencies. This research preprocesses images first, constructs different CNN architectures, trains the model, and compares the results. With the reinforcement learning augmentation, experiments indicate that Densenet-121 is the best deep CNN model among these structures we had trained to identify what nutrition does a plant's leave lack of with a test accuracy of 97%. This study demonstrates Densenet-121 model is a good tool to diagnose nutrient deficiency in crops and attempts to incorporate reinforcement learning to augment inputs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2021 International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and its Application on Media, ISAIAM 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages107-111
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781665432603
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event2021 International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and its Application on Media, ISAIAM 2021 - Xi'an, China
Duration: 21 May 202123 May 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2021 International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and its Application on Media, ISAIAM 2021

Conference

Conference2021 International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and its Application on Media, ISAIAM 2021
Country/TerritoryChina
CityXi'an
Period21/05/2123/05/21

Keywords

  • Computer vision
  • Convolutional neural network
  • Crops
  • Deep learning
  • Machine learning
  • Phenotype
  • Reinforcement learning

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