Classication of COVID-19 CT Scans via Extreme Learning Machine

Muhammad Attique Khan, Abdul Majid, Tallha Akram, Nazar Hussain, Yunyoung Nam*, Seifedine Kadry, Shui Hua Wang, Majed Alhaisoni

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Here, we use multi-type feature fusion and selection to predict COVID-19 infections on chest computed tomography (CT) scans. The scheme operates in four steps. Initially, we prepared a database containing COVID-19 pneumonia and normal CT scans. These images were retrieved from the Radiopaedia COVID-19 website. The images were divided into training and test sets in a ratio of 70:30. Then, multiple features were extracted from the training data. We used canonical correlation analysis to fuse the features into single vectors; this enhanced the predictive capacity. We next implemented a genetic algorithm (GA) in which an Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) served to assess GA tness. Based on the ELM losses, the most discriminatory features were selected and saved as an ELM Model. Test images were sent to the model, and the best-selected features compared to those of the trained model to allow nal predictions. Validation employed the collected chest CT scans. The best predictive accuracy of the ELM classier was 93.9%; the scheme was effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1019
Number of pages17
JournalComputers, Materials and Continua
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Coronavirus
  • classical features
  • feature fusion
  • feature optimization
  • prediction


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