China’s evolving motivations and goals in UN peacekeeping participation

Songying Fang, Xiaojun Li*, Fanglu Sun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This brief examines how the motivations and goals of China’s participation in United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations have evolved since 1990 as a result of China’s changing national interests. We conclude that China is unlikely to abandon its long-held foreign policy principle of non-interference. However, motivated by a desire to be seen as a responsible global power, Beijing is seriously considering a more proactive approach to humanitarian crises, which may include direct intervention. Furthermore, as a significant contributor of troops and financing, China is uniquely positioned to represent the perspectives of both developing and developed countries in UN peacekeeping. To do so, Beijing will need to increase its leadership role in UN peacekeeping operations and offer creative ideas about how to promote reconciliation and development in postconflict societies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-473
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Africa
  • China
  • Peacekeeping
  • Responsibility to protect
  • United Nations


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