Breast cancer diagnosis: A systematic review

Xin Wen, Xing Guo, Shuihua Wang, Zhihai Lu*, Yudong Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The second-leading cause of death for women is breast cancer. Consequently, a precise early diagnosis is essential. With the rapid development of artificial intelligence, computer-aided diagnosis can efficiently assist radiologists in diagnosing breast problems. Mammography images, breast thermal images, and breast ultrasound images are the three ways to diagnose breast cancer. The paper will discuss some recent developments in machine learning and deep learning in three different breast cancer diagnosis methods. The three components of conventional machine learning methods are image preprocessing, segmentation, feature extraction, and image classification. Deep learning includes convolutional neural networks, transfer learning, and other methods. Additionally, the benefits and drawbacks of different methods are thoroughly contrasted. Finally, we also provide a summary of the challenges and potential futures for breast cancer diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-148
Number of pages30
JournalBiocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • AI
  • Breast cancer diagnosis
  • Deep learning
  • Machine learning
  • Mammography images images
  • Thermal images
  • Ultrasound images


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