Application Specific Internet of Things (ASIoTs): Taxonomy, Applications, Use Case and Future Directions

Kenneth Li Minn Ang*, Jasmine Kah Phooi Seng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


As more and more applications are deployed using the Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, the fragmentation of general purpose IoT technologies to target particular sectors with different requirements is becoming necessary. In this paper, we summarize the latest developments of application-specific IoTs (ASIoTs) (a term to conceptualize the development of IoTs targeted toward specific domains, communications mediums, and industry sectors) in eight representative studies (Internet of Battlefield Things (IoBT), Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), Internet of Animal Things (IoAT), Internet of Waste Things (IoWT), Internet of Underwater Things (IoUWT), Internet of Underground Things (IoUGT), Internet of Nano Things (IoNT), and Internet of Mobile Things (IoMobT) such as the Internet of Vehicles). The paper gives contributions to ASIoTs from three perspectives: First, we offer a basic classification taxonomy for ASIoTs and discuss various representative studies and applications which can be found in the literature; Second, we discuss a use case for a biometrics-based ASIoT (termed IoBioT) for illustration and experiments of face-based biometric recognition on IoBioT are also performed; and Third, we give discussions and future directions for ASIoTs. An objective of this paper is to spur researchers and facilitate the development of ASIoTs for the different user-defined domains, communication mediums, and technology constrained platforms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8707089
Pages (from-to)56577-56590
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Application specific Internet-of-Things (ASIoT)
  • Internet-of-Things (IoT)
  • big data
  • biometrics ASIoT

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