Antibiotic Toxicity Profiles of Escherichia coli Strains Lacking DNA Methyltransferases

Zheng Chen, Hailin Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are causing more antibiotic treatment failures. Developing new antibiotics and identifying bacterial targets will help to mitigate the emergence and reduce the spread of antibiotic resistance in the environment. We investigated whether DNA methyltransferase (MTase) can be an adjunct target for improving antibiotic toxicity. We used Escherichia coli as an example. The genes encoding DNA adenine MTase and cytosine MTase, dam and dcm, respectively, were separately knocked out using the λRed system in E. coli MG1655. MG1655 and the two knockout strains were separately exposed in 96-well plates to 20 antibiotics from five classes. The EC50 values of almost all of the tested antibiotics were lower in the dam and dcm knockout lines than that of the control. Our statistical analysis showed that the variations observed in EC50 values were independent of the mechanism underlying each antibiotic's mechanistic action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7834-7840
Number of pages7
JournalACS Omega
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

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