An Overview of Algorithms for Contactless Cardiac Feature Extraction From Radar Signals: Advances and Challenges

Yuanyuan Zhang, Rui Yang*, Yutao Yue*, Eng Gee Lim, Zidong Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Contactless cardiac monitoring has vast potential to replace contact-based monitoring in various future scenarios, such as smart home and in-cabin monitoring. Various contactless sensors can be potentially implemented for cardiac monitoring, such as cameras, acoustic sensors, Wi-Fi routers, and radars. Among all these sensors, radar could achieve unobtrusive monitoring with high accuracy and robustness at the same time. The research on radar-based cardiac monitoring can be generally divided into the radar architecture design and signal-processing parts, where the former has been thoroughly reviewed in the literature but not the latter. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first review article that focuses on elaborating on the algorithms for extracting cardiac features from the received radar signal. In addition, a new taxonomy is proposed to reveal the core feature of each algorithm, with the pros and cons evaluated in detail. Furthermore, the public datasets containing the received radar signal and ground-truth cardiac feature signal are listed with detailed configurations, and the corresponding evaluations may help the researchers select the suitable dataset. At last, several unsolved challenges and future directions are suggested and discussed in detail to encourage future research on solving the main obstacles in this field. In summary, this review can be served as a guide for researchers and practitioners to quickly understand the research trend and recent development of the cardiac feature extraction algorithms, and it is worth further investigating the relative area based on the proposed challenges and future directions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4009520
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Cardiac monitoring
  • contactless sensing
  • deep learning
  • radar sensing
  • vital sign monitoring


Dive into the research topics of 'An Overview of Algorithms for Contactless Cardiac Feature Extraction From Radar Signals: Advances and Challenges'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this