An observation to the new initiative of community conservation guard posts in the pilot Three-River-Source National Park

Xiang Zhao, Ziyun Zhu, Zhi Lu*, Lingyun Xiao, Sonamtso Mei, Hao Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Community-based conservation has been proven as an effective approach for biodiversity conservation, and is an important part for National Parks in China. As the first pilot of the new national park system in China, the Three-River-Source National Park initiated a new arrangement to employ 16,621 villagers from each household living in the national park to serve as conservation guards. Local Tibetan herders take the main responsibility of Sanjiangyuan conservation and in return receive payments from the national park. Such an arrangement coincides with local people’s willingness of participating in conservation, influenced by traditional Tibetan Buddhist culture. However, in addition to conservation, poverty alleviation is set as a priority target especially when guards were selected, which to certain extent compromised the effectiveness of conservation. While understanding the needs of poverty alleviation, we analyzed institutional rationales of such a selection, and made policy suggestions that conservation targets should become the first priority and more resources and space should be allocated to local governments and communities for self-governance on conservation decisions and actions. NGOs may also contribute to assist these practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-216
Number of pages7
JournalBiodiversity Science
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Community conservation guard posts
  • Community-based conservation
  • National park
  • Three-River-Source region

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'An observation to the new initiative of community conservation guard posts in the pilot Three-River-Source National Park'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this