Alzheimer's disease multiclass diagnosis via multimodal neuroimaging embedding feature selection and fusion

For the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Citations (Scopus)


Alzheimer's disease (AD) will become a global burden in the coming decades according to the latest statistical survey. How to effectively detect AD or MCI (mild cognitive impairment) using reliable biomarkers and robust machine learning methods has become a challenging problem. In this study, we propose a novel AD multiclass classification framework with embedding feature selection and fusion based on multimodal neuroimaging. The framework has three novel aspects: (1) An l2,1-norm regularization term combined with the multiclass hinge loss is used to naturally select features across all the classes in each modality. (2) To fuse the complementary information contained in each modality, an lp-norm (1<p<∞) regularization term is introduced to combine different kernels to perform multiple kernel learning to avoid a sparse kernel coefficient distribution, thereby effectively exploiting complementary modalities. (3) A theorem that transforms the multiclass hinge loss minimization problem using the l2,1-norm and lp-norm regularizations to a previous solvable optimization problem and its proof are given. Additionally, it is theoretically proved that the optimization process converges to the global optimum. Extensive comparison experiments and analysis support the promising performance of the proposed method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-183
Number of pages14
JournalInformation Fusion
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Feature selection
  • Multiclass classification
  • Multimodal fusion
  • Multimodal neuroimaging
  • Multiple kernel learning
  • Neuroimaging biomarker


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