Agent-based cloud simulation model for resource management

Dapeng Dong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Driven by the successful service model and growing demand, cloud computing has evolved from a moderate-sized data center consisting of homogeneous resources to a heterogeneous hyper-scale computing ecosystem. This evolution has made the modern cloud environment increasingly complex. Large-scale empirical studies of essential concepts such as resource allocation, virtual machine migration, and operational cost reduction have typically been conducted using simulations. This paper presents an agent-based cloud simulation model for resource management. The focus is on how service placement strategies, service migration, and server consolidation affect the overall performance of homogeneous and heterogeneous clouds, in terms of energy consumption, resource utilization, and violation of service-level agreements. The main cloud elements are modeled as autonomous agents whose properties are encapsulated. The complex relationships between components are realized through asynchronous agent-to-agent interactions. Operating states and statistics are displayed in real time. In the evaluation, the efficiency of the simulator is studied empirically. The performance of various resource management algorithms is assessed using statistical methods, and the accuracy of server energy consumption models is examined. The results show that agent-based models can accurately reflect cloud status at a fine-grained level.
Original languageEnglish
Article number156
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Cloud Computing: Advances, Systems and Applications (JoCCASA)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2023


  • Agent-based modeling
  • Cloud
  • Resource management
  • Simulator


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