Addition, Adaptation, Elements and the Palimpsest: A Case Study of the Angkasapuri Complex’s Timeline Through Diagram Analysis

Siti Balkish Roslan*, Ahmad Nazmi Anuar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book or Report/Conference proceedingConference Proceedingpeer-review


The paper looks at the selected Modern building, the Angkasapuri Complex, as an archetype for interrogation via layered analytical diagrams. Angkasapuri was completed in 1968 at a pivotal phase of Malaysia, where it was seeking to formulate a national identity through various enterprises, including architecture. Layered analytical diagrams is used to document a building’s change over time, considering it manifesting multiple entities, taking into account contextual influences that it had had on the building’s design. The figurative concept of the palimpsest is used as a method to analyze the building in its embodiment of socio-culture, economy, technological and political influences through addition, adaptation and architectural elements. This creates a historical narrative of the monumental and ambiguous changes inflicted onto the building which allow for a contemporary and modernist discussion. Visual representation is critical in capturing changes allowing for an anticipation of emerging layers within the chronological timeline to encapsulate the building’s reading. This allows for a comprehensive understanding of historical value and an open discussion through visual clues and analytical diagramming. The diagrams in a palimpsest form is relevant to the application of Malaysian modern architecture where since the Malaysian Independence, the buildings have changed to accommodate new functions and programs. With this, the sense of reinterpretation, rewriting and rearranging the palimpsest accommodates to architecture being progressive and in constant shifts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Civil Engineering Materials - Selected Articles from the International Conference on Architecture and Civil Engineering, ICACE 2020
EditorsAr Meor Bin Meor Razali, Mokhtar Awang, Seyed Sattar Emamian
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9789813365599
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event4th International Conference on Architecture and Civil Engineering, ICACE 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 19 Aug 202019 Aug 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Volume139 LNCE
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565


Conference4th International Conference on Architecture and Civil Engineering, ICACE 2020
CityVirtual, Online


  • Adaptation
  • Addition
  • Analytical diagramming
  • Architectural elements
  • Layering
  • Malaysian modern architecture
  • Palimpsest

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