Adaptive Traffic Prediction at the ITS Edge with Online Models and Blockchain-based Federated Learning

Collin Meese, Hang Chen, Wanxin Li*, Danielle Lee, Hao Guo, Chien-Chung Shen, Mark Nejad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Managing urban traffic dynamics is critical in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), where short-term traffic prediction is vital for effective congestion management and vehicle routing. While existing centralized deep learning (DL) models have achieved high prediction accuracy, their applicability is limited in decentralized ITS environments. The increasing use of connected vehicles and mobile sensors has led to decentralized data generation in ITS, presenting an opportunity to improve traffic prediction through collaborative machine learning. Recently, blockchain technology has shown promise in improving ITS efficiency, security, and reliability. In conjunction with blockchain, Federated Learning (FL) is a suitable approach to leverage online data streams in ITS; however, most research on FL for traffic prediction focuses on offline learning scenarios. This paper researches a blockchain-enhanced architecture for training online traffic prediction models using FL. The proposed approach enables decentralized model training at the edge of the ITS network, and extensive experiments used dynamically collected arterial traffic data shards as a case study to evaluate online learning performance. The results demonstrate that our online FL approach outperforms the per-device, non-federated baseline models for most sensors while maintaining a suitable execution time and latency for real-world deployment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Blockchain
  • Blockchains
  • Computational modeling
  • Data models
  • Predictive models
  • Sensors
  • Streams
  • Training
  • deep learning
  • federated learning
  • online models
  • streaming models
  • traffic prediction

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