TY - JOUR

T1 - A rational approach to beam path planning in additive manufacturing

T2 - The inverse heat placement problem

AU - Yang, Yue

AU - Billingham, John

AU - Axinte, Dragos

AU - Liao, Zhirong

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors.

PY - 2023/2/22

Y1 - 2023/2/22

N2 - High demand for components with complex geometries at macro and micro levels drives the development of additive manufacturing (AM). However, the scientific basis for designing energy beam scanning strategies (e.g. beam scanning speed, beam path, beam power) still relies on trial and error approaches (i.e. experimental/simulation of predefined beam trajectories) followed by the evaluation of process outcomes (e.g. structural/metallurgical properties of the built parts); this is the Direct Problem. To address such drawbacks, this paper reports, for the first time, a mathematical model for selecting key parameters related to beam exposure time in AM processes as an attempt to improve the build part's uniform properties, i.e.The Inverse Heat Placement Problem. Our algorithm yields variable beam scanning speeds and optimized beam paths for achieving a desired maximum temperature distribution (uniform or target pattern) and is suitable for different circumstances and scanning strategies dependent on the print part configuration. Here, raster and spiral predefined beam paths are chosen as examples. Variable beam scanning speeds and optimized beam paths obtained from our algorithm are able to induce a desirable uniform maximum temperature distribution compared with the conventional approach of constant beam scanning speeds and a predefined beam path.

AB - High demand for components with complex geometries at macro and micro levels drives the development of additive manufacturing (AM). However, the scientific basis for designing energy beam scanning strategies (e.g. beam scanning speed, beam path, beam power) still relies on trial and error approaches (i.e. experimental/simulation of predefined beam trajectories) followed by the evaluation of process outcomes (e.g. structural/metallurgical properties of the built parts); this is the Direct Problem. To address such drawbacks, this paper reports, for the first time, a mathematical model for selecting key parameters related to beam exposure time in AM processes as an attempt to improve the build part's uniform properties, i.e.The Inverse Heat Placement Problem. Our algorithm yields variable beam scanning speeds and optimized beam paths for achieving a desired maximum temperature distribution (uniform or target pattern) and is suitable for different circumstances and scanning strategies dependent on the print part configuration. Here, raster and spiral predefined beam paths are chosen as examples. Variable beam scanning speeds and optimized beam paths obtained from our algorithm are able to induce a desirable uniform maximum temperature distribution compared with the conventional approach of constant beam scanning speeds and a predefined beam path.

KW - Inverse Heat Placement Problem

KW - additive manufacturing

KW - uniform microstructure property

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85147794189&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1098/rspa.2022.0386

DO - 10.1098/rspa.2022.0386

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85147794189

SN - 1364-5021

VL - 479

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences

IS - 2270

M1 - 20220386

ER -