A Prussian blue anode for high performance electrochemical deionization promoted by the faradaic mechanism

Lu Guo, Runwei Mo, Wenhui Shi, Yinxi Huang, Zhi Yi Leong, Meng Ding, Fuming Chen, Hui Ying Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

158 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Desalination is a sustainable process that removes sodium and chloride ions from seawater. Herein, we demonstrate a faradaic mechanism to promote the capacity of capacitive deionization in highly concentrated salt water via an electrochemical deionization device. In this system, ion removal is achieved by the faradaic mechanism via a constant current operation mode, which is improved based on the constant voltage operation mode used in the conventional CDI operation. Benefiting from the high capacity and excellent rate performance of Prussian blue as an active electrochemical reaction material, the designed unit has revealed a superior removal capacity with an ultrafast ion removal rate. A high removal capacity of 101.7 mg g-1 has been obtained with proper flow rate and current density. To further improve the performance of the EDI, a reduced graphene oxide with nanopores and Prussian blue composite has been synthesized. The PB@NPG has demonstrated a high salt removal capacity of 120.0 mg g-1 at 1 C with an energy consumption of 6.76 kT per ion removed, which is much lower than most CDI methods. A particularly high rate performance of 0.5430 mg g-1 s-1 has been achieved at 40 C. The faradaic mechanism promoted EDI has provided a new insight into the design and selection of host materials for highly concentrated salt water desalination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13305-13312
Number of pages8
JournalNanoscale
Volume9
Issue number35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2017
Externally publishedYes

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