A mechanistic rationalisation for the substrate specificity of recombinant mammalian 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (4-HPPD)

Nicholas P. Crouch*, Robert M. Adlington, Jack E. Baldwin, Meng Huee Lee, Colin H. MacKinnon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


The isolation and purification of α-ketoisocaproate dioxygenase [α-KICD] from rat liver is described. Sequence determination of the purified protein revealed it to have complete homology to rat liver 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase [4-HPPD] which was confirmed by the cloning and expression of the gene encoding 4-HPPD in E. coli. Examination of the substrate specificity of the resulting soluble recombinant protein revealed it to be capable of the oxidative decarboxylation of a range of ketoacids derived from proteinogenic amino acids. The significance of the turnover of these different ketoacids is discussed in relation to the mechanism of this fascinating enzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6993-7010
Number of pages18
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 1997
Externally publishedYes

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