A 403 MHz Wireless Power Transfer System with Tuned Split-Ring Loops for Implantable Medical Devices

Jingchen Wang, Eng Gee Lim, Mark Paul Leach*, Zhao Wang, Rui Pei, Zhenzhen Jiang, Yi Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A near-field wireless power transfer (WPT) system for implantable medical devices, such as pacemakers, is proposed. Operating at 403 MHz within the medical implants communication service (MICS) band, the WPT link constitutes a primary loop to be based outside the body as a transmitter and an implantable loop with a single-turn as a receiver. Simulation and experimental results show that the proposed link offers good power transfer efficiency (PTE) performance. The maximum measured PTE of the proposed link is 57.9% at a transfer distance of 6 mm through 1 mm of air and 5 mm of body tissue. The maximum input power that can be supplied to stay within specific absorption rate safety guidelines is 159 mW. A rectifying circuit is designed to convert 403 MHz RF signals to dc for a 1.5 kΩ load with a measured conversion efficiency of 73.2%. The measured end-to-end PTE of the proposed WPT system is 42.4%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1355-1366
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Implantable medical devices
  • Magnetic resonance coupling (MRC)
  • Near-filed
  • Split-ring loops
  • Wireless power transfer (WPT)

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