5G-Based user-centric sensing at C-band

Xiaodong Yang*, Dou Fan, Aifeng Ren, Nan Zhao, Muhammad Alam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


Tactile Internet can be seen as the next wave of innovation, which has the characteristics of low latency, high reliability, availability, and security. Tactile Internet promises its application in various fields ranging from industry automation and transport systems to healthcare, education, and gaming. Therefore, in this paper, we present the application of tactile Internet in healthcare by considering the diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) as a use case, which is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Severe DKA causes Kussmaul breathing, which is a life-threatening condition that usually requires hospitalization. However, to date, no real-time monitoring system exists for DKA. In this paper, we propose a nonintrusive breathing monitoring system using the C-Band sensing technique. The system exploits a microwave sensing platform to capture breathing-induced chest movements in diabetic patients. A peak detection algorithm is used to acquire the respiratory rate and extent, identified as normal breathing or Kussmaul breathing. The real-time respiratory rate and extent could be used to diagnose DKA in diabetic patients. The accuracy for all the subjects are 99.76%, 98.69%, 97.82%, 99.06%, and 98.42%, respectively; therefore, the reliability of the system is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8606140
Pages (from-to)3040-3047
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2019


  • C-Band
  • Kussmaul breathing
  • diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
  • peak detection algorithm
  • tactile Internet


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