1.2-kV 4H-SiC JBS Diodes Engaging P-Type Retrograde Implants

Yuan Lan Zhang, Peng Fei Liu, Jie Zhang, Hong Ping Ma, Jian Hua Liu, Qi Bin Liu, Zhong Guo Chen, Qingchun J. Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, we propose the use of p-type retrograde implants (RPs) for enhanced device performance and alleviated temperature dependence of leakage current in 4H-SiC junction barrier Schottky (JBS) diodes. Two 1200-V JBS diodes consisting of optimized RP have been designed, fabricated, and characterized. The RP offers the following merits for JBS: 1) deeper p-n junction to reduce electric field at the Schottky interface; 2) more width of the space charge zone to decrease capacitance; 3) more depletion region in the p-type unit to partly undertake blocking voltage; and 4) higher doping of subsurface region to address the reach-through issue. The fabricated RP devices yielded a remarkable enhancement of an ultralow VF · QC to be 144.5 V · nC (1.53 V ×94.3nC) at 20-A rated current, which might be the reported lowest one to the best of our knowledge. What is more, the RP-JBS diodes could realize a leakage current IR of 0.2 μ A at 1200 V and maintain an extremely low level of 6.0 μ A even at 175 °C, with just 5.8- μ A increasement over the temperature range of -50 °C to 175 °C. Compared with the latest commercial JBS products from leading companies, the RP-JBS diode has shown its significant capability of mitigating the impact of rising temperatures on device performance. In particular, only 8.4% roll-off of breakdown voltage VB extracted at 50 μ A was obtained. The superior performance of the 4H-SiC JBS diodes with RP makes the device a promising candidate for high-temperature, high-voltage, and high-frequency applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6963-6970
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Junction barrier Schottky (JBS) diodes
  • retrograde implants (RPs)
  • silicon carbide


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