Towards the Creation of New Paradigm of Tectonic Bamboo Education (TBE)

Activity: Talk or presentationPresentation at conference/workshop/seminar


The changing landscape of the architecture profession requires a re-thinking of the pedagogy. The direction of this research is in accord with Salama [1] who re-examined traditional approaches to study architecture and to identify an approach which integrates active, experiential and inquiry-based learning strategies. A more recent Royal Institute of British Architects’s education and professional development framework mapped four mandatory competences including health and life safety, ethical practice, climate literacy and research literacy [2]. The proposed tectonic bamboo education (TBE, henceforth) sits between a more practical learning experience, informed by the findings of these comparisons, and climate literacy.

This research aims to find out the most appropriate pedagogical theory(ies) related to hands-on learning activities to form an effective mixed approach to the new tectonic bamboo pedagogical practice. The question authors seek to answer is “In terms of impact on students, which theories result in approaches which optimise students’ engagement, motivation and satisfaction?“

Research is conducted by making literature comparisons of eight pedagogical theories, they are: 1) Experiential Learning 2) Problem Based Learning 3) Task Based Learning 4) Community of Inquiry 5) Inquiry Based Learning 6) Service Learning 7) Project Based Learning and 8) Flow. Theories are analysed based on: students’ engagement, motivation and satisfaction. The expected outcome includes identifying which of the listed theories can be usefully incorporated into the tectonic bamboo education (TBE). The research fits into the ‘Education Outside the Classroom’ theme, in particular the Education Outside Walls.

[1] Salama AM. Spatial design education: New directions for pedagogy in architecture and beyond: Routledge; 2016.
[2] The Way Ahead [Internet]. 2021 [cited August 10th 2023]. Available from:
Period16 Nov 2023
Event titleTeaching Beyond Curriculum Education Conference 2023
Event typeConference
LocationGlasgow, United KingdomShow on map
Degree of RecognitionInternational