Understanding stakeholder perceptions in smart cities: Applying a Q methodology to the Smart Gusu project in China

Joon Sik Kim, Yanru Feng

Research output: Chapter in Book or Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Smart cities are a leading concept on the current global urbanization agenda. Despite such widespread acclaim, with respect to their actual development, planners face many operational challenges; one such obstacle involves a lack of inclusion for diverse actors in existing research methods. Collaboration in the planning process can be enhanced by formulating an empirical research framework for evaluating stakeholder opinions and potential conflicts. This paper seeks to isolate the stakeholder’s perspective as an assessment factor for smart city development. The researchers utilize a Q methodology to extract stakeholder attitudes and subjective opinions in the case of the Smart Gusu project in China. Conclusions drawn from this research will contribute toward the broader subjective landscape of knowledge involving our ongoing understanding of smart cities and their implications toward evolving urbanization strategies. By continuing to develop empirical tools for mapping conflicts within the expanding field of smart cities, this chapter aims to contribute to the efficiency of associated and future projects.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmart Cities for Technological and Social Innovation
Subtitle of host publicationCase Studies, Current Trends, and Future Steps
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9780128188866
ISBN (Print)9780128188873
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Conflict mapping
  • Planning in China
  • Planning in practice
  • Q methodology
  • Smart cities
  • Stakeholder analysis
  • Subjective opinions


Dive into the research topics of 'Understanding stakeholder perceptions in smart cities: Applying a Q methodology to the Smart Gusu project in China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this