Synergistic effect of conformational changes in phosphoglycerate kinase 1 product release

Ye Liu*, Yan Li*, Sijin Wu, Guohui Li*, Huiying Chu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the glycolysis pathway, phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) transfers one phosphoryl-group from 1,3-diphosphoglycerate (1,3BPG) to ADP to product 3-phosphoglycerate (3PG) and ATP. The catalytic process is accompanied with the conversion between the open conformation and the closed conformation of PGK1. However, the dynamic collaboration mechanism between the PGK1 conformation transition and the products releasing process remains poorly understood. Here using molecular dynamics simulations combined with molecular mechanics generalized born surface area (MM/GBSA) analysis, we demonstrated that PGK1 in the closed conformation first releases the product ATP to reach a semi-open conformation, and releases the product 3PG to achieve the full open conformation, which could accept new substrates ADP and 1,3BPG for the next cycle. It is noteworthy that the phosphorylation of PGK1 at T243 causes the loop region (residues L248-E260) flip outside the protein, and the phosphorylation of Y324 leads PGK1 become looser. Both modifications cause the exposure of the ADP/ATP binding site, which was beneficial for the substrates/products binding/releasing of PGK1. In addition, the other post translational modifications (PTMs) were also able to regulate the ligands binding/releasing with different effects. Our results revealed the dynamic cooperative molecular mechanism of PGK1 conformational transition with products releasing, as well as the influence of PTMs, which would contribute to the understanding of PGK1 substrates/products conversion process and the development of small molecule drugs targeting PGK1. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10059-10069
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1)
  • conformational change
  • glycolysis pathway
  • molecular dynamics simulation


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